According to recent research, men who follow a Mediterranean diet may have a lower risk of developing prostate cancer. A study was conducted between 2008 and 2013 in Spain and included data from seven provinces.
In the study, 754 men with prostate cancer were analyzed, and there were 1,277 control participants. The men were between the ages of 35 and 85. At the end of the study, the researchers concluded that the participants who followed a Mediterranean diet did not have as high of a risk of developing prostate cancer as the men who followed other diets. Dr. David Samadi shared this information recently in a press release and emphasized the benefits of a Mediterranean diet for men.
Who Is Dr. David Samadi?
Dr. Samadi is a respected leader in both robotic surgery and urology at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York. He also led the department for minimally invasive surgeries there. With his own research and innovation, Dr. Samadi developed a special technique for a minimally invasive prostate surgery. It was designed for men with prostate cancer. Dr. Samadi performed this technique over 6,000 times on patients, and about 90 percent of those individuals had cancer-free reports after surgery. As a vocal proponent of preventative care for men, Dr. Samadi encourages all males to lower their prostate cancer risks in many ways.
In a quote, he said that he has been recommending the Mediterranean diet to men for many years. He was happy to see that this research confirmed his top diet recommendation.
The Mediterranean Diet’s Health Benefits For Men
Certain components of the Mediterranean diet were linked to individual cancer-fighting agents in past studies. Lycopene was one of the main components that was linked to a lower incidence of prostate cancer. A high intake of calcium-rich foods also showed a reduction of cancer development. The studies that yielded these findings only looked at individual vitamins or substances and their effects on prostate cancer. However, Dr. Samadi pointed out that too few studies have been conducted to determine the benefits of overall diet patterns. He praised the recent study in Spain for looking at total diet trends rather than a single substance.
The study that took place in Spain used province-specific intercepts in logistic regression models. When researchers studied the men who followed a Mediterranean diet versus the men who followed other diets, they especially focused on aggressive prostate tumor risks. To do this, they used Gleason scores categorized at six or greater than six. The men who ate more fish, vegetables, olive oil, fruits and legumes associated with a Mediterranean diet had lower rates of prostate cancer and lower tumor risks. Prudent and Western diets were also studied. A Western diet consists mostly of red meat, saturated fats and processed foods. It is low in vegetables, whole grains, fruits and seafood. With a Prudent diet, vegetables, low-fat dairy foods, whole grains, fruits and juices are the main ingredients. Neither of those diets showed any association with a positive or negative change in reducing prostate cancer risks.
Limitations Of The Mediterranean Diet Study
The main limitation of the study was the self-reporting structure of information collection. As Dr. Samadi pointed out, recalling details from memory and independently reporting information are common issues of concern in research. Although the study was limited to one country, it focused on multiple regions for more variety with several factors. Dr. Samadi said that the study had more strengths than weaknesses. He pointed out that researchers recruited men who had been diagnosed with prostate cancer for comparison.
Since the participants came from multiple regions across Spain, the researchers saw more variety in dietary patterns. Additionally, Dr. Samadi reiterated his favorite aspect of the study, which was its focus on total dietary patterns rather than single substances. “We need to focus more on food synergy,” Dr. Samadi stated. Food synergy involves multiple components of foods working together to create more powerful effects than what they yield individually. With the Mediterranean diet, he said that the food synergy potential for improving health is greater than it is for other types of diets.
According to Dr. Samadi, strict adherence to the Mediterranean diet is important for protecting men from prostate cancer. Partially following the diet or following it for a while and switching diet choices intermittently may reduce a man’s cancer-fighting potential. Although men who have a family history of prostate cancer may face a greater risk of developing it, Dr. Samadi recommends this diet for all men. Many men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer do not have a family history of the disease. In addition to potentially lowering the risk of developing prostate cancer, the Mediterranean diet may lower a man’s risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and heart disease. The Mediterranean diet has also been shown to lower blood pressure. Dr. Samadi welcomes men who have recently been diagnosed with prostate cancer to contact his office for a free phone consultation. Also, he welcomes men who want to learn more about prostate cancer and reducing their risks to contact him.